An air strike that took place on July 27 has killed five doctors in a hospital in the southern outskirts of Libya's capital Tripoli, an official from the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) says.
A warplane, either manned or a drone belonging to Khalifa Haftar, the rogue general who commands the Libyan National Army, carried out the attack, Lamine al-Hashem the health ministry spokesman added. He further added that Saturday's bombing also wounded seven people, including some rescuers, and that it was a direct hit against the field hospital which was packed with medical teams.
Reports citing, hospital spokesman Malek Merset, the facility provides medical assistance to forces allied to the GNA. Medical workers reportedly stated that the guided rocket that hit the facility it was most probably launched from a drone. Has been widely recorded that the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been providing the LNA forces with drones and additional military equipment, even though Emirati authorities have reputedly denied these accusations.
The attack was the third to target a hospital in the capital's south. On July 16, three doctors and a paramedic were wounded in an air attack on Swani Hospital near the capital, the second time it was targeted. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and rights groups have repeatedly called on both sides in the conflict to spare medical personnel, clinics and hospitals.
In Wadi al-Rabiya, 20 kilometers from Tripoli, a group of Misratan fighters man the front lines with their commander, a wiry old man called Ibrahim*. They are from the 134th Brigade of the al-Bunyan al-Marsous militia, currently defending the capital & the GNA government from General Haftar's most recent assault.
The GNA is largely powerless, relying on the support of the militias, who are the de facto rulers of Tripoli. "To hell with Sarraj, to hell with Haftar!" Says Ibrahim. "The militias do whatever they want. When one of the key militia leaders wants something from Sarraj, he doesn't knock on the door, he kicks it in and says: 'Sign here, I need 400 million dinars. If Haftar hadn't marched on Tripoli, we would have eventually done it." But why then do he & his men sacrifice themselves for the same government they openly loathe? "If Haftar takes Tripoli, he'll move on to Misrata and wipe us all out," says Ibrahim. "But every militia has more of a say than Sarraj," Ibrahim continues, adding: "He knows nothing about politics. First, Haftar has to go. Then Sarraj and the militias. Then we intend to liberate Tripoli."
But the physical dangers of war aren't the only thing on his mind. "Two weeks ago, we received a one-time payment of 1,500 dinars. That's 300 euros on the black market. A kilo of mutton costs 40 dinars. How are we supposed to make ends meet? The militias from Tripoli also control the banks. They're getting rich with a simple trick. They make their money on illegal currency exchanges and lug suitcases full of cash to the cash exchanges. But the oil finances the entire war. The money is funnelled to both sides, east and west, through the central bank in Tripoli."
Ibrahim never intended to be a soldier, but circumstances have driven him to this point. His family often pressures him to leave the militia and retire from fighting, but he has always refused. "I can't abandon my men and my country," he says.
*Name has been changed to protect the privacy of the individual
At least four people were killed and 33 wounded on Thursday in car bombings in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi. Two bomb-laden vehicles exploded near a group of Libyan National Army leaders.
Spokesman for the Libya National Army (LNA) Interior Ministry, Tarek El-Kharraz said several senior LNA figures had gathered in western Benghazi to attend the funeral service of Khalifa Mismari, a high-ranking military general.
El-Kharraz said the dead in the attack included two civilians and two soldiers, and the wounded included civilians, army personnel and police. He said none of the military leaders was killed or wounded. LNA commander Khalifa Haftar ordered an investigation into the attack.
According to El-Kharraz, the east-based government recently arrested a group of collaborators inside Benghazi who were in touch with Tripoli-based militias. During interrogation, they confessed that there were other cells of collaborators inside the LNA stronghold.