New updates released on the UN investigation into sanctions and arms embargo violations by foreign parties in the Libyan armed conflict. According to al-Jazeera, which obtained a draft copy, states violating the arms embargo include the UAE, Sudan, Turkey and Jordan.
The report, presented by the Panel of Experts of the International Sanctions Committee on Libya also said that Sudan was sending in forces, 1000 Sudanese Rapid Support Forces, to back Khalifa Haftar's LNA. Sources quoted said that the Sudanese were stationed in al-Jufra, in southern Libya.
This is the first time the international community called attention to Sudan's role in the Libyan conflict.
Libya's National Safety Department signed a memorandum of understanding with the French Ministry of the Interior while the delegations attended the Libyan-French Civil Defense Forum this weekend (9 November), which took place in Tunisia.
The agreement included cooperation in training firefighters, civil safety, rescue personnel and other security related fields. The ceremony was attended by Libyan (GNA) Interior Minister Fathi Bashagha and the French Ambassador to Tripoli, Beatrice de Helen. Several French security companies were also reported to be at the forum, according to Libyan government sources.
Additional information was revealed from the UN investigation into the July airstrike that killed 53 migrants and injured 130 at a migrant detention centre near Tripoli. The report given to the Security Council noted the attack was likely carried out by a Mirage 2000-9 fighter, blaming the strike on the United Arab Emirates. That is, since the LNA does not operate such aircraft, only the UAE and Egypt.
The report is highly critical of a series of violations of the UNSC resolution on Libya and accuses the UAE, Jordan and Turkey of fuelling the conflict by "routinely and blatantly" breaking the arms embargo.
The report is expected to be published in mid December.
The UAE may be responsible for a July airstrike on the Tajoura migrant detention centre, east of Tripoli, in which 53 migrants were killed and 130 more injured, according to a UN investigation. The strike may be considered a war crime, according to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The incident is being investigated by the UN, and a confidential copy was obtained by BBC Arabic. The UN mission to Libya reported that it shared the coordinates with all migrant centres with both the GNA and LNA to prevent them from being targeted in the fighting.
The incident is the most deadly airstrike since fighting renewed in April. The report includes evidence of Mirage fighters operating from two airbases in Libya at the time. Both the UAE and Egypt have Mirage fighters operating involved in the fighting, backing Haftar's LNA forces. Both the UAE and Egypt preferred not to comment to the BBC at this time.
The US ambassador to Libya, Richard Norland, announced the United States was ready to fully support political dialogue between the two sides to end the conflict.
Norland emphasised the ongoing fighting distracted from the more important goal of fighting terrorist elements and allowing for renewed economic development.
The ambassador issued these remarks at a meeting with GNA prime minister al-Sarraj in London earlier this week. Norland further called on all "external state actors and mercenaries" to cease their involvement.
The Washington Post takes a crack at exposing the involvement of Russian mercenaries fighting for Haftar's LNA forces. Better armed and trained than local forces, the Post claims these mercenaries are "introducing new tactics and firepower on the battlefield, threatening to prolong the most violent conflict..." in Libya since the Arab Spring.
While many countries are involved, including the UAE, Egypt and Turkey, Russian involvement "has altered the battlefield" according to a GNA commander.
It only makes sense Russia would seek to intervene - as the article describes Russian military and infrastructure agreements from Qaddafi's time worth over $4 billion as well as Libya's significant energy reserves which Russia seeks to profit from.
While earlier estimates placed the number of Russian mercenaries at around 300, new information suggests thousands of Russians on the ground arriving since September. These forces are not just support troops like in the past but are on the front lines - providing tactical support - especially sniper and artillery expertise the LNA lacks. The Russians are generally much better disciplined fighters than the local forces, and therefore more efficient. This efficiency is noticed by area doctors treating far more head and chest wounds than before, attributed to the Russians' accuracy.
Libya's Supreme Council of State called on the Tripoli-based GNA, which is recognised by the international community, to boycott and sue those foreign powers supporting Haftar's forces.
The advisory group called for "mobilizing all efforts with a view of thwarting the aggression" against the GNA. The council further called on Libya's Central Bank to take action to prevent counterfeiting activities.
Also known as the High Council of State, the Tripoli based advisory body was appointed under the 2015 Libyan Political Agreement backed by the UN, and is intended to advise the interim GNA and House of Representatives.
Maltese authorities seized a cargo ship with two large shipping containers filled with the newly introduced Libyan currency, believed to have been printed in Russia. The shipment was discovered in late September when the ship stopped in Malta. The shipment was intended for Haftar's forces, and have been crucial to funding his military efforts. While Russia is technically neutral, it is believed to be quietly aiding Marshal Haftar's LNA forces with cash, diplomatic and even military support.
Malta, an EU member country, technically recognises al-Sarraj's GNA based in Tripoli. However, a Maltese security source said this was not anti-Russia rather about enforcing international law and UN resolutions.
Al Jazeera's "Rewind" section looks back at a 2013 investigation that revealed how the UK and American intelligence services cooperated with Qaddafi's regime to help detain, interrogate and torture Libyan dissidents.
The original 2013 piece tells of two Libyan dissidents abducted en-route to the UK, and repatriated to Qaddafi's Libya where they were imprisoned. They would only be released after Qaddafi's overthrow in 2011.
With the help of Al Jazeera, the two men investigated the events surrounding their abduction and found that they were captured by MI6 and forced onto CIA black flights to be taken back to Qaddafi's Libya, a controversial process known as rendition. The report also tells of previously unknown collaboration between British and Libyan intelligence services.
After the UK's involvement was revealed in 2013, both men received apologies and compensation from the British government.
Al Jazeera revisited the journalist who uncovered the story and obtained the Libyan documents detailing its cooperation the MI6. Although she refused to share her sources, she noted the level of closeness between the intelligence chiefs apparent from the documents.
German foreign minister, Heiko Maas, said he seeks to end all "foreign interference" in the Libyan conflict. Maas identified this as the "fundamental problem" in the country and will discuss this issue at a special conference focusing on Libya, set to take place in Berlin later this year. Mass spoke with reporters while visiting western Libya, along with the GNA foreign minister and UN special envoy Ghassan Salame.