An in-depth investigation conducted by Public Eye and TRIAL International in Switzerland, Malta and Italy revealed that Kolmar Group AG, a Swiss fuel trading company, was involved in an illegal smuggling scheme concerning Libyan oil in 2014 and 2015. The investigation uncovered over 20 shipments of marine gas-oil during that time period involving “questionable individuals”, including Libyan drug traffickers and Maltese and Italian nationals. The individuals have been in trial in Sicily since 2018 with a verdict due later this year.
According to UN sanctions on Libya, it is illegal and can be considered a war crime, as a well as against Swiss law, if any company knowingly purchases or assists in exporting stolen commodities from a country at war. The report also criticises the banks involved for not conducting thorough due-diligence practices.