The EU’s lack of cohesion and focus in Libya, combined with the US’ lack of interest have allowed for Russia and Turkey to infiltrate and dominate Libya, according to a recent Le Monde report reported in Al Jazeera.
The Le Monde report further juxtaposes the EU and US’ failure to support the post-Gaddafi transition with regional actors’ growing activism.
The report connects Turkey and Russia’s efforts to the growing ties between the two (despite that they support the opposing sides in Libya), as they are set to launch the TurkStream project, a 930 km underwater gas pipeline from Anapa on the Russian Black Sea to Kiyikoy in Turkey. The pipeline will carry Russian gas for Turkish consumption, while a second leg scheduled for construction will use Turkey as a hub to bring Russian gas to southeast Europe, bypassing the Ukraine and further boosting Turkey’s regional position as an energy hub. The two also recently enhanced their military cooperation after Turkey purchased the Russian S-400 missile defense system the previous year.