The much expected UN report on foreign involvement in Libya's civil war came out Tuesday, naming 5 Sudanese and four Chadian armed groups, contributing several thousand fighters to the sides of the conflict. Oddly, the report did not mention the presence of between a few hundred to a a thousand Russian mercenaries, known to be backing LNA forces. Russia denies these accusations, which GNA officials say they have proof of and will soon present to Moscow. According to one diplomat, "its an open secret that large numbers of Russian mercenaries are fighting in Libya." However, the mercenaries' arrival in Libya was mostly after the period reported upon by the UN.
AFP news agency, which read a summary of the report, noted that Jordan and the UAE were listed as backing Haftar's LNA, while Turkey is violating the UN arms embargo in support of the GNA. Just yesterday, Turkish President Erdogan said Turkey would send troops to Libya if the GNA requested it.
The report further notes that the two sides are making use of American, Russian and Chinese arms, although those countries do not seem to be supplying the arms directly.
The report also discusses ISIS and Al-Qaeda, and how both GNA and LNA efforts to fight the Islamist groups have disrupted their capacity to conduct terrorist operations. However, the report mentions a July video by ISIS in Libya leader, Abu Musab Allibi, noting that Libya operations will now be the focus for the group as they have lost their position in Syria and Iraq. ISIS in Libya "finances its activities through robbery, kidnap for ransom, extortion of Libyan citizens and ...smuggling of artefacts... (and) taxation of human trafficking networks," according to the report.