American drone strikes against ISIS targets in the south of Libya are proving to be effective. Four strikes were carried out over a 10-day period in September, killing 43 ISIS fighters, or about one-third of the group's presence in Libya currently. According to American officials, the strikes were carried out by Reaper drones based in nearby Niger, as ISIS attempts to regroup in the largely lawless area of southwest Libya.
According to AFRICOM, the US military command in Africa, recruitment is the most important element for ISIS Libya and other extremist groups, especially as it seeks to recover from the recent death of its global leader Abu Bakr al-Baghadi. Terrorism experts noted that the "overall threat from radical Islamist terrorist has not abated, and, in some regions, is growing", as "groups like ISIS and Al Qaeda expand into new areas".
According to one expert, while most of the civil war is taking place in the north, the US strikes on ISIS in the south have kept the group form conducting its usual attacks and operating freely.